Download Caffeine: Chemistry, Analysis, Function and Effects by Victor R Preedy, T A Astorino, K A Alkadhi, Merideth PDF
By Victor R Preedy, T A Astorino, K A Alkadhi, Merideth Addicott, A Farah, F Balssa, Russell S. J. Keast, R F Chapman, E Acquas, W J Warzak, Simin Liu, Ana Adan, Ahmad Amini, A C. F. Ribeiro, Rudolf J. Schneider, Mauricio A Rostagno, R C. A. Guedes, P D Tzan
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Extra info for Caffeine: Chemistry, Analysis, Function and Effects
DiMeglio, D. P. and Mattes, R. , 2000. Liquid versus solid carbohydrate: effects on food intake and body weight. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders. 24(6): 794–800. Ebbeling, C. , Feldman, H. , Osganian, S. , Chomitz, V. , Ellenbogen, S. J. and Ludwig, D. , 2006. Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Pediatrics. 117(3): 673–80. , Swinburn, B. , 2003. Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?
Although it has not been well documented, doses of 1000–2000 mg of caffeine per day have been linked in some cases to anxiety. 1 Withdrawal from Caffeine In a critical review of the withdrawal symptoms associated with caffeine, Juliano and Griffiths (2004) documented the evidence from 57 experimental studies and 9 retrospective survey studies. Valid withdrawal symptoms identified were the onset of headaches, a decrease in feeling alert, difficulty concentrating, fatigue, drowsiness, lower energy levels, a depressed mood, a decrease in feelings of contentment, irritability, and a decrease in feelings of a clear head.
The addition of caffeine to SSB, while having no direct influence on taste (and therefore liking), may influence wanting of the SSB. The mechanisms underlying wanting arise from a person’s appetite, craving or motivation to consume a food (Berridge 1996). Evidence suggests dopamine is expressed as a result of caffeine ingestion (Fredholm et al 1999). As the dopamine system appears to play a role in stimulating food consumption, perhaps repeated caffeine ingestion promotes an increased desire to consume caffeinated foods or beverages.