Download Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin (Current Problems in by U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec PDF

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By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec

ISBN-10: 3805581211

ISBN-13: 9783805581219

Lately, the advance of latest applied sciences has authorized the creation of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are able to sensing adjustments in environmental stipulations or physique services and are effectively responding to them. they may be able to take up components from the surface or to unlock healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in lingerie with an built-in cardio-on-line procedure or as textiles with service molecules. the focus of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies presently at the use of textiles assisting treatment and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new traits within the interplay among textiles and the outside, relatively the advance of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It offers a variety of papers in order to give a contribution to additional consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and cloth engineers.

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Extra info for Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin (Current Problems in Dermatology)

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A silver-resistant strain of E. coli isolated from a burn wound containing two large plasmids failed to absorb or retain silver, whereas in a sensitive strain silver accumulation was fivefold higher. Genetic manipulation of these plasmids can dramatically alter silver uptake and hence the silver sensitivity/resistance of an organism. Electron microscopy and molecular techniques have shown that silver resistance encodes in a pericytoplasmic protein – SilE – and that this is expressed in the presence of metallothionein (a silver-induced, cystine-rich metalbinding protein).

Aeruginosa Lansdown 22 [10]. Silver nitrate compresses are claimed to reduce levels of infection in severe burns by up to 70% and significantly reduce mortality. It exhibits haemostatic properties and may be useful during minor surgery. Silver Sulphadiazine Silver sulphadiazine represents a second generation of silver antibiotics. Developed by Charles Fox in 1968, this complex combines the antibiotic properties of silver with a sulphonamide that proved invaluable in controlling wound infections in World War II [9].

In staphylococcal folliculitis in hot, humid climates. Skin Odor and Bacterial Flora Already in the 1980s, several groups studied the relationship between skin odor and bacterial flora. Leyden et al. [12] showed that the axillary flora is a stable mixture of Micrococcaceae, aerobic diphtheroids and propionibacteria. Higher numbers of bacteria can be recovered from the axilla of persons with pungent axillary odor. This is related to the activity of aerobic diphtheroids, which could be ascertained in experiments with droplets of apocrine sweat placed on the forearm and inoculated with various bacteria: only diphtheroids generated the typical body odor.

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