Download Behavioral and Social Science: 50 Years of Discovery by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social PDF

Demography

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

ISBN-10: 0309035880

ISBN-13: 9780309035880

In 1933, President Herbert Hoover commissioned the "Ogburn Report," a accomplished examine of social developments within the usa. Fifty years later, a symposium of famous social and behavioural scientists marked the report's anniversary with a e-book in their personal from the fee on Behavioural and Social Sciences and schooling. the ten chapters offered right here relate the advancements distinct within the "Ogburn document" to fashionable social developments. This publication discusses contemporary significant strides within the social and behavioural sciences, together with sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, and linguistics.

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17 (1), 4-7. Ehrlich, Paul R. 1975. The Population Bomb. : Rivercity Press. Leff, Nathaniel H. 1969. 'Dependency Rates and Savings Rates'. American Economic Review. ). 885-96. Mane, Purnima, Geeta Rao Gupta, and Ellen Weiss. 1994. 'Effective Communication between Partners: AIDS and the Risk Reduction for Women'. AIDS. 8 (1), 325-32. National Academy of Sciences. 1986. Population Growth and Economic Development. Washington: National Academy of Sciences. 28 This statement remains true even for those developing countries, including China, which will face new challenges associated with the increasing aged-dependency burden, the result in part of past fertility decline.

Moreover, the beneficial effects increase as the demographic transition proceeds. The effects of the transition on reductions in poverty are, as with the effects on economic growth, different at different stages of the transition—harmful to poverty reduction in the early stages as population growth accelerates due primarily to mortality decline that occurs disproportionately among infants and children, and helpful in the later stages as fertility declines and aggregate population growth slows. It follows that during the early stages of the demographic transition, income differentials between poor and non-poor households may in fact become greater.

Given new evidence about the potential benefits of declining fertility for reducing poverty and about the effects of declining mortality and fertility on growth, itself a critical factor in reducing poverty, she argues that a set of policies—ranging broadly from sensible macroeconomic regimes to public financing for certain education, health, and family planning services—are likely to make sense. They make sense because while reducing fertility (and mortality), they also have broad social and economic benefits for relatively low costs, and pose no trade-off in terms of improving individual well-being.

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