Download Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis by R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung PDF

Nuclear Physics

By R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung

ISBN-10: 0195102916

ISBN-13: 9780195102918

A whole revision of Goody's vintage 1964 paintings, this quantity deals a scientific dialogue of atmospheric radiation methods that this day are on the middle of globally learn and drawback. It offers with the ways that incident sunlight radiation is remodeled into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic effects for the Earth's gaseous envelope, determining elements of the interplay among radiation and atmospheric motions because the relevant topic for atmospheric radiation reports. As a whole therapy of actual and mathematical foundations, the textual content assumes no earlier wisdom of atmospheric physics. The theoretical dialogue is systematic, and will consequently be utilized with minor extension to any planetary surroundings.

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Sample text

A stratified atmosphere. 93) will differ for upward traveling beams (l^ %>Q) and downward traveling beams (— 1^|<0), because the boundary conditions differ in the two cases. For an upward traveling stream of radiation, when the lower boundary (z = z") is a black-body with temperature 8* , we have (see Fig. 7) For a downward traveling stream, on the other hand, the appropriate boundary condition for a planetary atmosphere is that no thermal radiation is incident upon the atmosphere from outer space.

Visible tops are formed at inversions. Haze particles are frequently hygroscopic and their size depends upon the relative humidity. O^m) increase to a maximum near 20km. Aerosols are usually considered important for their effects on solar radiation, but they may also modify the terrestrial radiation, particularly close to the ground. Clouds have very great influence on both the solar and the terrestrial radiation. They are properly described as aerosols but are always treated as an independent phenomenon.

1961, "Stratospheric aerosol studies," /. Geophys. Res. 66, 2163. Pruppacher, H. , and Klett, J. , 1978, Microphysics of clouds and precipitation. Dordrecht: Reidel. 1. 1. , the flux of energy in a given direction per second per unit frequency (or wavelength) range per unit solid angle per unit area perpendicular to the given direction. In Fig. 1 the point P is surrounded by a small element of area dns, perpendicular to the direction of the unit vector s. From each point on dns a cone of solid angle dcos is drawn about the s vector.

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