Download Aristotle on Definition by M. Deslauriers PDF
By M. Deslauriers
This paintings examines Aristotles discussions of definition in his logical works and the Metaphysics , and argues for the significance of definitions of easy components, drawing the relationship among definitions as first rules of demonstration and as statements of essence.
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Extra info for Aristotle on Definition
This is the requirement that one should sub-divide kinds in such a way that the kind which is sub-divided should be predicable of all those into which it is sub-divided, but the terms of the sub-division should not be predicable of the kind of which they are sub-divisions (An. Po. 97a28–34; Meta. 1038a8–14). So, for example, “biped” and “quadruped” are not predicable of “footed”. That is, we cannot say that footed things are biped (because some footed things are not biped, but quadruped), and similarly we cannot say that footed things are quadruped.
G. number into triplet and pair). g. of straight line and circle and right angle). 19 Aristotle continues: “To establish a deﬁnition through divisions, you must aim for three things: you must take what is predicated in what the thing is ( ν τ τ στιν); you must order these items as ﬁrst or second; and you must ensure that these are all there are,” (97a23–26). 4 73a34–73b5 (to say that the diﬀerentiae must be predicated 19 Barnes says of this passage, “If [it] has a coherent interpretation, it remains to be found,” (Barnes, 244).
The unity of the ﬁnal diﬀerentia with the genus is secured because neither animality nor bipedness occurs as such in the world, but some species of biped animal does. Unity is then unproblematic because it turns out that one does not have to account for how two things are one. There are not two things in the ﬁrst place. 26 “And in both cases—when you prove according to a division and when you prove with a deduction in this way—there is the same puzzle: why will a person be a two-footed terrestrial animal and not animal and terrestrial?