Download American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century by Nancy Shoemaker PDF
By Nancy Shoemaker
Even if most people isn't extensively conscious of this pattern, American Indian inhabitants has grown phenomenally seeing that 1900, their demographic nadir. not a vanishing race, Indians have rebounded to 1492 inhabitants estimates in 9 many years. until eventually now, so much study has involved in catastrophic inhabitants decline, yet Nancy Shoemaker experiences how and why American Indians have recovered. Her research of the social, cultural, and financial implications of the relations and demographic styles fueling the restoration compares 5 varied Indian teams: the Seneca state in big apple kingdom, Cherokees in Oklahoma, crimson Lake Ojibways in Minnesota, Yakamas in Washington country, and Navajos within the Southwest. Marshaling individual-level census information, Shoemaker locations American Indians in a extensive social and cultural context and compares their demographic styles to these of Euroamericans and African american citizens within the United States.
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Extra info for American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century
When exact figures were not given for Neosho or Cornplanter Senecas, I estimated their population size. (2) The Senecas at Allegany and Cattaraugus formed the Seneca Nation in 1848. For 1855, 1865, and 1875, I added an estimated 70 people to include the Cornplanter Grant, often considered part of Allegany. In the nineteenth century, there were about zoo non-Seneca Iroquois living at Allegany and Cattaraugus, mostly Cayugas, and they are included in the population figures for Indians living on the Seneca Nation reservations, though estimated in 1865 and 1875.
Although having perhaps the easiest of the population histories to construct, the Seneca Nation illustrates some of the problems. When New York State published the results of its nineteenth-century censuses, Indians Page 16 were grouped by reservation. Since other Iroquois, mostly Cayuga, lived on the two Seneca Nation reservations, Cattaraugus and Allegany, the Seneca Nation population is not the simple sum of these two reservations. Federal census publications grouped the Senecas differently in different yearssometimes by reservation, sometimes as Iroquois, sometimes as clusters of counties that contained Indian reservations, and sometimes as Senecas, which then included the Tonawanda Band of Senecas and any Seneca Indians living off the reservation.
Military strategy of burning Indian crops and destroying villages. S. demands. When the war ended, the Senecas signed treaties with the United States in which they ceded land and agreed to live on several reservations in western New York. S. S. S. S. includes those living on New York State reservations (Allegany, Cattaraugus, Tonawanda, and before 1848 Buffalo Creek), at Neosho Agency in Indian Territory beginning in 1845 (ranging from 125 in 1845 to 215 in 1910), those living on the Cornplanter Grant in Pennsylvania (numbering 51 in 1845 and 87 in 1890), and where available, as in the twentieth-century census figures, those not living on reservations.