Download Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation A Scientific by Zev Levin, William R. Cotton PDF


By Zev Levin, William R. Cotton

ISBN-10: 140208689X

ISBN-13: 9781402086892

This booklet stories present wisdom at the dating among aerosols and precipitation achieving the Earth's floor. It contains a record of innovations which may aid to farther develop wisdom during this area.

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If the Lagrangian time scale of the cloud particles is shorter than the 2 Principles of Cloud and Precipitation Formation 15 time needed to produce precipitation, all the condensed water vapour may evaporate in the atmosphere without any precipitation reaching the surface. The principal types of ascent, each of which produces distinctive cloud forms, are: a) Local ascent of warm, buoyant air parcels in a conditionally unstable environment, which produces convective clouds. Because of the release of latent heat, a cloud convective parcel becomes warmer, hence positively buoyant, with respect to its environment.

1974b). Thus, forest fires are a prolific source of CCN (Twomey 1960; Twomey and Warner 1967; Warner and Twomey 1967; Warner 1968; Hobbs and Radke 1969; Woodcock and Jones 1970; Stith et al. 1981). Although sea salt particles enter the air over the oceans, they do not appear to be a dominant source of CCN, even over the oceans (Twomey 1968, 1971; Radke and Hobbs 1969; Dinger et al. 1970; Hobbs 1971), although, because of their solubilities and large sizes, they may enhance precipitation by serving as giant CCN.

2001), for example, compiled data from the glaciated regions of stratus clouds for a number of field campaigns and found that ice crystals smaller than 1000 mm diameter do not show a good correlation with temperature and that the concentrations of these smaller ice particles varied up to three orders of magnitude for a given temperature (Fig. 11). On the other hand, measurements of ice particle concentrations in wave clouds where only ‘‘initial’’ ice particles are likely (Cooper and Vali 1981), showed ice particle concentrations increasing with decreasing temperature.

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