Download Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius PDF
By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice variation and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the worth of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diversified conceptions of the concept, it really is controversial that on any believable knowing of person autonomy an self sustaining agent must take note of the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been instructed that permitting one’s ideas to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has obtained a few consciousness in different components of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This booklet combines for the 1st time the themes of choice edition, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to reinforce human capacities in a special and finished quantity, filling an enormous wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Additional info for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
HA3 retains the broad connection between autonomous preferences and reasons, but draws this connection in a slightly different way. HA3 holds that a process is autonomous if that process itself includes coming to preferences on the basis of reasons. For instance, imagine that I prefer to refrain from smoking. If I came to that preference on the basis of becoming educated about the health effects of smoking, and thus saw reason to avoid smoking and developed preferences on this basis, this process is of the right sort and hence my preference is autonomous.
I have not plumped for any account of the autonomy of preference formation. I have only said that two possible candidates for determining whether a preference is autonomously formed are the ex ante accounts that consider the agent’s reflection on either the content of the potential preference or the process by which the preference is to be brought about. I am officially agnostic on whether or not the adaptive preference to take a pill to extend one’s life by 50 years is autonomously formed. The sense of the question I am prepared to answer, then, is whether the adaptive preference to take the pill is autonomously retained, which is equivalent to the question whether the agent acts autonomously in acting on the adaptive preference to take the pill.
In such a case, even if the agent endorses the content of the preference upon reflection, the reflection itself may be handicapped by, or be an artifact of, the state into which the agent has been manipulated, brainwashed, or otherwise had her agency removed through the formation of the preference. So we should not want to say the preference is autonomous even though the content is endorsed from the ex post perspective. Second, if the preference to take the life-extension pill is not autonomous, then the autonomy of other preferences that come about as a result of this preference should be called into question as well.