Download A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the by Ive Marx PDF
By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been desirous about the concept that the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The middle notion is that the transition from an business to a postindustrial atmosphere has introduced with it a complete new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social protection platforms. a brand new Social query? analyzes that question intensive, with specific awareness to the matter of source of revenue safety and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it is going to be beneficial examining for someone drawn to realizing the way forward for eu social coverage.
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Additional info for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series)
One could argue about the validity of this assumption, but it is nevertheless a defendable and, for that matter, commonly used method. The big problem with absolute educational levels is that, over the past 20 years or so, significant shifts have occurred in the general schooling of the population. 4). As I have already pointed out, level of schooling is to some extent ‘absolute’. But an individual’s success in the labour market does not depend solely on skills and knowledge acquired at school.
Indd 52 8-12-2006 15:12:46 risen steadily over the course of those thirty years. In fact, what we see is that dependency levels ‘exploded’ during a relatively short time period between roughly the mid-1970s and the mid-1980s. The period that follows is essentially a period of stagnation, save for ﬂuctuations that correlate closely with macro-economic conditions (growth and unemployment rates). This S-shaped time pattern does not appear to be consistent with the idea that the rise in dependence is driven by a secular and progressive decline in the relative demand for low-skilled labour.
But I think there are reasons why we should not expect there to be a simple, linear relationship between the time evolution of underlying need and the time patterns of observed dependency levels. The fact that dependency levels did not rise further over the past decade or so is not in itself proof that underlying need has not increased further. Similarly, the fact that dependency levels remain high, even in the context of improved economic conditions, is not in itself proof that the underlying need for compensatory income redistribution remains high.