Download A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of by Evan Luard PDF


By Evan Luard

ISBN-10: 1349167592

ISBN-13: 9781349167593

This, the 1st quantity of an important paintings, describes the institution of the United countries, the controversies and debates in the association and the political elements surrounding those throughout the first ten years of its existence.

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Sample text

The episode scarcely exhibited to the world the united front between the sponsoring powers which many had hoped to see. Eventually a compromise proposed by Eden was accepted. The presidency of the public sessions was to rotate among the four sponsoring powers, while in the steering and executive committees, and in meetings of the four presidents themselves, Stettinius was to be in the chair. Almost as soon as this was out of the way, another procedural question was raised which proved even more contentious: this time over participation in the Conference.

But it was not a question which most of the delegates who assembled at San Francisco in April 1945 thought much about, or could now have effectively influenced if they had. At Yalta it had been envisaged that invitations to the San Francisco Conference should be sent out by the Big Five: the four Dumbarton Oaks powers plus France. But the French had been deeply offended at the failure to invite De Gaulle to The San Francisco Conference 39 Yalta. And on 24 February the French Government replied to the invitations to co-sponsorship rejecting the offer unless France's suggested amendments to the Dumbarton Oaks proposals were used as a basis for the conference on an equal footing with those proposals themselves.

But, like much else discussed at Yalta, this was all very vague and undefined. I t was agreed to go ahead with the establishment of the new organisation as soon as possible - that is, before the war was ended - even if this meant that it was made to appear like a glorified alliance of the victorious powers. 'This time we shall 36 A History of the United Nations not make the mistake', Roosevelt told Congress, 'of waiting until the end of the war to set up the machinery of peace. ' One of the main advantages of this procedure was that it was much less likely that, while the momentum of the war was still at its height, US opinion would again seek a withdrawal from wider commitments and reject membership of the new organisation.

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