Download A Global History of Child Death: Mortality, Burial, and by Amy J. Catalano PDF
By Amy J. Catalano
Drawing from basic examine reports in archaeology, historic research, literature, and artwork this interdisciplinary examine the historical past of kid funerary practices and different cars of parental mourning is the one ebook of its type. the aim of this paintings is to enquire the ways that funerary behaviors and grieving fluctuate among cultures and throughout time; from prehistory to trendy historical past. Philippe Aries, the French formative years historian, argued that kids have been hardly ever mourned upon their deaths as baby dying was once a widespread and anticipated occasion, specifically within the heart a long time. This ebook attracts upon archaeological reviews, secondary information research, and research of literature, images and art to refute, and in certain cases help, Aries’s declare. equipped in elements, half One starts off with a bankruptcy at the reasons of youth mortality and the stairs taken to avoid it, via chapters on prehistory, old civilizations, the center a while and the Renaissance, and the early smooth and past due smooth eras. The chapters partially talk about symptoms of parental drawback at a child’s dying: naming practices, substitute procedure, baptism, comfort literature, and paintings. scholars who specialize in the mental elements of dying, funeral practices, and formative years histories will locate this ebook an invaluable and accomplished software for reading how youngsters were mourned seeing that prehistory.
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Additional info for A Global History of Child Death: Mortality, Burial, and Parental Attitudes
Remarkably, an excess in infant male mortality was observed, even in regions where males are favored (that is, where females are more vulnerable to infanticide than males). During the first two weeks of life, males were almost fifty percent more likely to die than girls. The probability of male mortality rose again between the ages of three to eight months. 27 Birth rank was another contributor to high infant mortality. Older mothers tend to give birth to weaker babies. Thus, the youngest child might be less likely to thrive than his older siblings (who had a younger mother).
Le Mort argues that this anomaly may be explained by several possibilities. First, this society may have practiced mortuary behaviors that allowed for better preservation of infant skeletons than of other societies. It is also possible that infanticide was practiced; however, in order for this hypothesis to be proved, sex ratio must be established to determine whether the sample of infants represents a typical population (and therefore not indicative of infanticide). 38 Among some populations no differences may be found in the treatment of children.
32 While ignorance about what children needed to survive in Imperial Russia may have been a major contributor to the high mortality rate, child murder (one of every eighty) was a shockingly common cause. It is possible that the actual murder rate was much higher since these crimes were only recorded if they were prosecuted in court. The government under Catherine the Great took action to reduce mortality rates. 33 Changes in public health policy, coupled with parent education and sanitation innovations helped to enhance a child’s ability to survive.