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Demography

By Gilberto M. Hinojosa

Wave upon wave of novices has penetrated the semiarid plains of the U.S.-Mexican borderlands. one of the settlers and sojourners alongside the Rio Grande within the mid–eighteenth century have been the founders of Laredo, who got here looking survival and permanence in that chaparral country.

Established in 1755 as an outpost of recent Spain, Laredo, like different borderlands cities, has periodically been buffeted through strong outdoor forces that disappointed the reliable society and kinfolk harmony attribute of the early villa. not like another border groups, notwithstanding, it has maintained a trendy Mexican-American political and fiscal elite.

Applying quantitative recommendations of demographic research and interweaving their effects with extra conventional narrative, Gilberto Miguel Hinojosa tells the tale of a borderlands city and its humans. He exhibits how better occasions equivalent to struggle, monetary melancholy, and alterations of sovereignty affected relations constitution, racial and ethnic divisions, social-class relatives, age composition of the inhabitants, estate possession, literacy, and different points of the day-by-day lives of the townspeople. His conclusions recommend that existence in those groups used to be faraway from the static, uneventful lifestyles it was believed to be.

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Extra resources for A borderlands town in transition : Laredo, 1755-1870

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Only two persons married under this age, one male and one female, are listed in the census reports during this period and the next. Page 35 21 In contrast to earlier censuses, which had not listed any widows, wartime tallies record a large number of women in that category.  If this was the case, or even if they were in fact widows, the consequences of the war on Laredo's society were as serious as the combat fatalities themselves.  This is certainly not the case in Laredo. 22 Among single adults ages seventeen to forty years, males (110) outnumber females (84), but when single and widowed adults in that age group are considered together (males, 112; females, 120), this disparity in the sex ratio is reversed (Census of 1819, in Laredo Archives).

15 (footnote continued from the previous page) 2 September 1817, and Dolores de Rivera, 26 October 1818, Teodosio González to José Antonio Benavides, 13 March 1820, and Manuel Francisco Pérez versus heirs of Tomás Sánchez, 6 June 1822, all also in Laredo Archives). 14 Bando, 27 December 1815, Enrique García to Idelfonso Ramón, 24 April 1819, José Bernardino Benavidez to Idelfonso Ramón, 17 May 1819, Leonardo Sánchez to alcalde, 19 July 1783, bando of Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena, 21 June 1780, and José María de Echeagaray to Idelfonso Ramón, 25 August 1819, all in Laredo Archives.

Whatever their relationship to the head of the family, they are so few in this census that the ambiguity of their status does not detract from the conclusion. Page 21 43 jacales were one­room structures, and stone and adobe houses never exceeded three rooms. Because of housing limitations, social visits between men and women may have often taken place in the plaza (town square) or other locations outside the home.  The sale of some stolen cloth caused a stir among the 43 Census of 1789, declarations of property for tax purposes of fifteen citizens, 24 August 1815, first will of Petra Sánchez, 23 March 1819, in Laredo Archives.

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